Preventing Falls in Long-term Care: A Model Recreation Therapy Program


Buettner, L., Kernan, B., & Carroll, C. (1990) Therapeutic recreation for the frail elderly: a new approach. Proceeding from the First International Therapeutic Recreation Symposium. Columbia, MO: University of Missouri Press.

Buettner, L. & Martin, S. (1995) Therapeutic recreation for the nursing home. State College, PA: Venture Publishing.

Commodore, D. (1995). Falls in the elderly population: A look at incidence, risks, healthcare costs, and preventive strategies. Rehabilitation Nursing, 20, 84-89.

Cwikel, J., Fried, A., Galinsky, D., & Ring, H. (1995). Gait and activity in the elderly: Implications for community falls-prevention and treatment programs. Disability Rehabilitation, 17, 277-80.

Galindo-Ciocon, D., Ciocon, J., & Galindo, D. (1995). Gait training and falls in the elderly. Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 21, 11-17.

Gerdner, L., Hall, G., & Buckwalter, K. (1996). Caregiving training for people with

Alzheimer's based on stress threshold model. Image, 28, 241-246.

Hall, G., & Buckwalter, K. (1987). Progressively lowered stress threshold: A conceptual model for care of adults with Alzheimer's disease. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 1, 399-406.

Janitti, P., Pyykko, I., & Laippala, P. (1995). Prognosis of falls among elderly nursing home residents. Aging, 7, 23-27.

Kernan, B. (1989) Falls prevention program. Occupational Therapy Policies and Procedures Manual, Willard Psychiatric Center, Willard, NY.

King, M, & Tinetti, M. (1995). Falls in community-dwelling older persons. Journal of the American Geriatrics Association, 43, 1146-1154.

Koski, K., Luukinen, H., Laippala, P., Kivela, S. (1996). Physiological factors and medications as predictors of injurious falls by elderly people: A prospective population-based study. Age and Aging, 25, 29-38.

Lawton, M. P. (19974) Social ecology and the health of older people. American Journal of Public Health, 64, 257-260.

Luukinen, H., Honkanen, R., & Kivela, S. (1995). Incidence of injury-causing falls among older adults by place of residence: Population-based study. Journal of the American Geriatric Society, 43, 871-6.

Province, M., Hadley, E., Hornbrook, M., Lipsitz, L., Miller, J., Mulrow, C., Ory, M., Sattin, R. (1995). The effects of exercise on falls in elderly patients. JAMA, 273, 1341-7.

Thapa, P., Brockman, K., Gideon, P., Fought, R., & Ray, W. (1996). Injurious falls in nonambulatory nursing home residents: A comparative study of circumstances, incidence, and risk factors. Journal of the American Geriatric Society, 44, 273-8.

Tinetti, M., & Speechley, M. (1989). Prevention of falls among the elderly. The New England Journal of Medicine, 320, 1055-1059.

Wolf, S., Barnhart, H., Kutner, N., McNeely, E., Coogler, C., & Xu, T. (1996). Reducing frailty and falls in older persons: An investigation of Tai Chi and computerized balance training. Atlanta FICSIT group. Frailty and injuries: Cooperative studies of intervention techniques. Journal of the American Geriatric Society, 44, 489-497.