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Computer Applications in Therapeutic Recreation

References of Interest to Recreation Therapists & Activity Directors
Compiled by Charles C. Dixon, MS, CTRS
461 Lawnview Circle, Morgantown, WV 26505

updated 2-22-08

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Anonymous. (1974). TRIC updates system and relocates in Oregon. Therapeutic Recreation Journal, 8(4), 193-195.

Anonymous. (1985). Personal computers and the handicapped -- How we can become involved. Leisure Times Focus, Summer, 2.

Bargh, J.A. & McKenna, KY.A. (2004) The Internet and social life. Annual Review of Psychology, 55, 573-590. Baym, N.Y., Zhang, Y. & Lin, M. (2004). Social interactions across media: Interpersonal communication on the Internet, telephone, and face to face. New Media & Society, 6(3), 299-318.

Baun, William B. and Michele Baun. (1984). A corporate health and fitness program: Motivation and management by computers. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation and Dance, 55(4), 42-45.

Becker, R. H., and R. O. Ray. (1974). Accessibility: An application of new technology. Therapeutic Recreation Journal, 8(4), 148-150.

Beeler, Cheryl S. (1984). Taking the byte out of microcomputers. Parks & Recreation, 19(1), 28-30, 60.

Beland, R. M. (1984). The therapeutic recreation professional: Microcomputer applications. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation and Dance, 55(4), 52-53.

Berryman, D., C. B Lefebvre, W. B. Kinney, Jr., and J. G. Dickason. (1976). Prescriptive therapeutic recreation programming: A computer based system. New York: New York University.

Berryman, D. (1977). Client assessment for prescriptive programming in Horizons West I. In Selected Papers from the 1977 Western Symposium for Therapeutic Recreation. ed. I. Walker and J. Tague. Northridge, California: California State University, Northridge, Department of Recreation and Leisure Studies.

Blaschko, T. M. and Joan Burlingame. (1985). Finding good software. Leisure Times Focus, Summer: 10.

Bouchard, Ryan and Roberta Heaven. (1986). Promoting vitality among older adults with computers. Activities, Adaptation & Aging, 8(1), 15-30.

Bourdelais, Fred. (1986). Age is not a barrier to computing. Activities, Adaptation & Aging, 8(1), 45-48.

Brasile, F. M., M. K. Conway-Callahan, D. Dager, and D. J. Kleckner. (1986). Computer applications in therapeutic recreation. Therapeutic Recreation Journal, 20(2), 8-18.

Burlingame, Joan, and T. M. Blaschko. (1985). Therapeutic intervention using microcomputers. Leisure Times Focus, Summer: 11-13.

Burlingame, J. and T. M. Blaschko. (1990). Assessment tools for recreational therapy: Red book #1. Seattle, WA: Frontier Publishing.

Busch, Kurt. (1992). A VIS-ionary entertainment system. InterAction, 5(4), 48.

Caplan, S. E. (2002). Problematic Internet use and psychosocial well-being: development of a theory-based cognitive-behavioral measurement instrument. Computers in Human Behavior, 18 (5), 553-575.

Caplan, S.E.(2005). A social skill account of problematic Internet use. Journal of Communication, 55(4), 721-736.

Carty, Marcia Jean, Claire M. Foret, Daniel D. McLean, and William P. Callahan. (1991). Using computers to link social service providers. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation and Dance, 62(4), 34-36.

Christian, H. K. (1979). An activity analysis of electronic game simulators. Therapeutic Recreation Journal, 12(2), 21-25.

Clark, M.J. (2002). Older adults living through and with their computers. Cin-Computers Informatics Nursing. 20(3), 117-124.

Conder, Robert L. (1992). Computer technology in brain injury. Brain Injury, 6(1), 79-80.

Dattilo, John. (1985). Computerized assessment of leisure preferences for persons with severe handicaps. In Proceedings of the 1985 Symposium on Leisure Research, co-chairs Peter Witt and Richard MacNeil. Dallas, Texas: NRPA Congress for Recreation and Parks. Also cited in Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 1986, 19(4), 445-448.

Davis, Britt J. (1993). Coming online with the NRPA/SCHOLETM Network. Parks & Recreation, 28(6), 50-54, 86.

Dimmagio, P., Hargittai, E., Neuman, W. R., Robinson, J.P. (2001). Social implications of the Internet. Annual Review of sociology, 27, 307-336.

Dittmann, K.L. (2004). A study of the relationship between loneliness and Internet use among university students. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences & Engineering. 64(7-B), 3518.

Dixon, Charles. (1991). Leisure Diagnostic Battery Scorer. Morgantown, WV: compuTR.

Dixon, Charles. (1992). Leisure Interest Survey. Morgantown, WV: compuTR.

Dixon, Charles. (1993). Computer Applications in Therapeutic Recreation: Descriptions of Software Applicable for TR. Morgantown, WV: compuTR.

Dixon, Charles. (1994). The Development Computer Applications in Therapeutic Recreation. Unpublished Masters Project, West Virginia University.

Donston, Debra. (1993). Computer Athlete and Exercitement. PC Week, 10(47), 91.

Drenning, Susan, and Lou Getz. (1992). Bridging the computer gap. Parks & Recreation, 27(12), 56-58.

Edwards, Patsy. (1977). Practice makes perfect: Leisure counseling. Journal of Physical Education and Recreation, 48(4), 40-42.

Edwards, Patsy. (1984). Leisure counseling and computers. Leisure Information, 10(3), 10-11.

Edwards, Patsy. (1986). Manual for Leisure Pref. Los Angeles, CA: Constructive Leisure.

Ellis, Gary, Peter Witt, and S. MacDonald. (1983). Overcoming perceived computer helplessness in recreation services. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, 1(3), 43-51.

Ellis, Gary and Peter Witt. (1987). Leisure Diagnostic Battery: Users Manual. State College, PA: Venture Publishing, Inc.

Ellis, Gary and Peter Witt. (1991). Leisure Diagnostic Battery Software. State College, PA: Venture Publishing, Inc.

Elmer-DeWitt, Philip. (1993). Confessions of a 21st Century Couch Potato. Time. Uploaded to America Online, October 17.

Elmer-DeWitt, Philip. (1993). First nation in cyberspace. Time. Uploaded to America Online, December 4.

Elmer-DeWitt, Philip. (1993). The amazing video game boom. Time, 142(13), 67-72.

Englebardt, Stanley L. (1993). Get ready for virtual reality. Reader's Digest, December: 127-131.

Epperson, A. (1977). The computer as a tool in leisure counseling. In Leisure counseling--An aspect of leisure education. eds. A. Epperson, P. Witt, and G. Hitzhusen. 283-301. Springfield, Illinois: Charles C. Thomas.

Ewert, Alan. (1983). Computer applications in a therapeutic/outdoor recreation setting. In Computer Perspectives in Recreation. ed. B. M. Haderlie. 9-12. Provo, Utah: Brigham Young University.

Ewert, Alan. (1984). Employee Resistance to Computer Technology. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation and Dance, 55(4), 34-36.

Farrell, Pat. (1984). Computer literacy, what does it mean? Journal of Physical Education, Recreation and Dance, 5(4), 54-55.

Faulkner, Rozanne. (1987). TRI manual. Seaside, OR: Leisure Enrichment Service.

Ferguson, Daniel D. and Hutchinson-Troyer, Linda. (1990). Automating a community resource directory: an "information age" tool for discharge planning. Annual in Therapeutic Recreation, 1(1), 83-85.

Ferguson, Daniel D. (1980). Two Phase Study to Identify Important Skill Areas for Nursing Home Activity Directors and to Develop Three Microcomputer Assisted Training Models. Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Oregon.

Ferguson, Daniel D. (1983). Microcomputers in therapeutic recreation: a potential tool as yet untouched. In G. Hitzhusen (Ed.), Expanding Horizons in Therapeutic Recreation XI. (78-89). Columbia, MO: University of Missouri-Columbia.

Ferguson, Daniel D. (1986). Computer assisted training for activity professionals in long term care facilities. Activities, Adaptation & Aging, 8(1), 109-119.

Fisher, Sarah. (1986). Increasing participation with a computer in an adult day care setting. Activities, Adaptation & Aging, 8(1), 31-36.

Fisher, Sarah. (1986). Use of computers following brain injury. Activities, Adaptation & Aging, 8(1), 81-94.

Fogel, J. (2002). Internet use and social support in women with breast cancer. Health Psychology, 21(4), 398-404.

Fullmer, Steven and Dave Whipp. (1992). The On Line Resources Manual: Access to Disability Information. Dunbar, WV: West Virginia Research & Training Center.

Geraci, Vince. (1992). Explore ImagiNation on the Sierra Network. InterAction, 5(4), 64-65.

Germain-Washington, Ellen. (1993). In the jungle of MUD. Time. Uploaded to America Online, September 19.

Goulet, N. (2002). The effect of Internet use and Internet dependency on shyness, loneliness, and self-consciousness in college students. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences & Engineering, 63(5-B), 2650.

Griffiths, M. (1991) Amusement machine playing in childhood and adolescence: a Comparative analysis of video game and fruit machines. Journal of adolescence, 14, 53-73.

Griffiths, M. (1992) Pinball wizard: the case of a pinball machine addict. Psychological Reports, 71, 161-162. Griffiths, M. (1995) Technological addictions. Clinical psychology forum, 71, 14-19.

Gross, E.F., Juvonen, J., & Gable, S.L. (2002). Internet use and well-being in adolescence. Journal of Social Issues. 58(1), 75-90.

Haderlie, B. M. and W. B. Bennett. (1985). Expanding computer use in therapeutic recreation. In Computer Perspectives in Recreation (Volume II), ed. B. M. Haderlie, p. 33, St. Louis, Missouri: St. Louis University (co-sponsored by Brigham Young University). Also cited in T.W.U. RECap, Texas Women's University, Fall, 1983 issue.

Halberg, Kathleen, and Roy Olsson. (1989). Automated versus manual leisure assessment: a comparison. Therapeutic Recreation Journal, 23(4), 73-79.

Halberg, Kathleen, L. Duncan, N. Mitchell, F. Hendrick, and D. Jones. (1986). Use of computers in assessment: a potential solution to the documentation dilemma of the activities coordinator. Activities, Adaptation & Aging, 8(1), 69-80.

Hartlage, Lawrence. (1977). Leisure counseling from personality profiles. Journal of Physical Education and Recreation, 48(4), 19.

Hayward, J. and K. Fairey. (1984). Interactive computers: the development of an urban leisure information service. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation and Dance, 55(4), 37-41.

Hebrew Home of Greater Washington. (1982, Nov.-Dec.). Nursing home residents savor a new kind of "apple". Aging, 29-30.

Heil, Michael Sean. (1992). CARA: A Computerized Activity Resource Assistant for the Community Recreation Therapy Department of Macomb-Oakland Regional Center. Unpublished master's thesis, Michigan State University.

Hollander, Elaine and Holly Plummer. (1986). An innovative therapy & enrichment program for senior adults utilizing the personal computer. Activities, Adaptation & Aging, 8(1), 59-68.

Howe, C. A. (1986). Description of an on-line information and referral service. Therapeutic Recreation Journal, 20(2), 19-23.

Jacobs, Steven. (1991). ProWindows Professional: The Professional Software Development System. Willits, CA: DSE Software Publishing.

Jamieson, Lynn M. (1988). Entrepreneuring in the leisure industry: Commitment beyond profit. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation and Dance, 59(8), 42-43.

Jensen, Marilyn A. (1967). The computer: Ogre or tool. Parks & Recreation, 2(9), 22, 53-55.

Jensen, Marilyn A. (1984). Computer applications: An introduction. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation and Dance, 55(4), 32-33.

Kantrowitz, Barbara and Joshua C. Ramo. (1993). An Interactive Life. Newsweek, May 31, 42-44.

Keepers, C. A. (1990) Pathological preoccupation with video games. Journal of the American Academy of child and adolescent psychiatry, 29, 49-50.

Lombardo, R., and R. Kunstler. (1986). Computers and the physically disabled. Visions in Leisure and Business, 5(1/2), 49-62.

"Machine of the Year," (1983). Time, 121, 12-24.

Magulski, Michael, Virginia H. Faull, and Barbara Rutkowski. (1977). The Milwaukee leisure counseling model. Journal of Physical Education and Recreation, 48(4), 49-50.

Morgan, J. M., J. C. Gardner, and F. A. Stuyt. (1988). Computer Applications in Recreation and Parks: A Selected Bibliography for Practitioners and Researchers. Alexandria, VA: The National Recreation and Park Association.

Morris, John N., Catherine Hawes, Katharine Murphy, and Sue Nonemaker. (1990). Resident Assessment Instrument (RAI) Training Manual and Resource Guide. December. Health Care Financing Administration.

Neese, A. R. (1981). The use of stock software in a therapeutic recreation program. In Proceedings of the National Workshop on Computers in Recreation and Parks, 88-95, Alexandria, Virginia: National Recreation and Park Association.

Nesbitt, John A. (1986). The International Directory of Recreation-Oriented Assistive Device Sources. Marina Del Rey, CA: Lifeboat Press.

Olsson, Roy, Kathleen Halberg, C. Edgington, and M. Cherry. (1987). An evaluation of an automated leisure assessment for community-based recreation. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, 5(2), 27-39.

Olsson, Roy, T. W. Shearer, and Kathleen Halberg. (1988). The effectiveness of a computerized leisure assessment system for individuals with spinal cord injuries. Journal of Expanding Horizons.

Paluba, Gary. (1984). Microchips and chocolate chips: An opinion concerning computers and leisure. Leisure Information, 10(3), 6-9.

Perschbacher, Ruth. (1991). Federally mandated nursing home resident assessment: Implications for activity professionals. Activities, Adaptation & Aging, 15(4), 21-29.

Peterson, Carol Ann and Scott Lee Gunn. (1984). Therapeutic Recreation Program Design: Principles and Procedures. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc.

Pohl, Frederick and Hans Moravec. (1993). Souls in silicon: The ultimate in artificial intelligence- Your own! Omni, 16(2), 66-76.

Realon, Rodney E., James E. Favell, and James F. McGimsey III. (1992). Computer prompts to improve social interactions and data collection. Mental Retardation, 30(1), 23-28.

Riddick, Carol C., Sharon G. Spector, and Ellen Drogin. (1986). The effects of videogame play on the emotional states and affiliative behavior of nursing home residents. Activities, Adaptation & Aging, 8(1), 95-107.

Roth, William. (1992). Personal Computers for Persons with Disabilities. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, Inc.

Ryan, Ellen Bouchard and Roberta K. B. Heaven. (1986). Promoting vitality among older adults with computers. Activities, Adaptation & Aging, 8(1), 15-30.

Sanner, Richard L. (1986). Computerized communications. Activities, Adaptation & Aging, 8(1), 37-44.

Schaich, Robert L. (1993). Making the case for EDI. Computers in Healthcare, December, 19-28.

Schueren, Betty. (1986). Video games: An exploration of their potential as recreational activity programs in nursing homes. Activities, Adaptation & Aging, 8(1), 49-58.

Shotton, M. (1989) Computer addiction? A study of computer dependency. Basingstoke, UK: Taylor & francis.

Shotton, M. (1991) The costs and benefits of "computer addiction." behavior and Information technology, 10, 219-230.

Singleton, Jerome. (1993). Alzheimer's Stack. Unreleased version. Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada: Dalhousie University.

Smith, David W. and Michael E. Wells. (1983). Use of a microcomputer to assist staff in documenting resident progress. Mental Retardation, 21(3), 111-115.

Smith, G. T. (1978). Leisure counseling: A mini-computer model for the smaller municipality. In Proceedings of the National Workshop on Computers in Recreation and Parks, 96-109, Alexandria, Virginia: National Recreation and Park Association.

Sorant, P. E. (1982). Obtaining packaged software vs. creating your own. In Proceedings of the National Workshop on Computers in Recreation and Parks, 155-166, Alexandria, Virginia: National Recreation and Park Association.

Sortais, Cathy M. (1992). Computers and the activity department. Activities, Adaptation & Aging, 16(3), 73-80.

Stuyt, Jeff and Chrystos Siderelis. (1984). The 1993 national survey of computers in parks and recreation. Parks & Recreation,19(11), 36-?

Temple, Lori L. and Margaret Gavillet. (1990). The development of computer confidence in seniors: An assessment of changes in computer anxiety and computer literacy. Activities, Adaptation & Aging, 14(3), 63-76.

Tierney, Kathy. (1992). Growing with desktop publishing. Parks & Recreation, 27(6), 55-57.

Turkle, S. (1984) The second self' computers and the human spirit. New york: simon & Schuster. Turkle, S. (1995) Life behind the screen: identity in the age of the internet. New york: simon & schuster.

Vanderhelden, G. V. (1981). Computers can play a dual role for disabled individuals. BYTE, 7(9), 136-162.

Witt, Peter A. and Rhonda Groom. (1979). Dangers and problems associated with current approaches to developing leisure interest finders. Therapeutic Recreation Journal, 1, 19-31.

Woodcock, JoAnne. (1991). Computer Dictionary. Redmond, WA: Microsoft Press.

Young, Kimberly S. (1996) PSYCHOLOGY OF COMPUTER USE: XL. ADDICTIVE USE OF THE INTERNET: A CASE THAT BREAKS THE STEREOTYPE Psychological Reports, 79, 899-902. Psychological Reports

Zook B, Luken K. Building technology bridges for brain injury support groups. Parks Recreation 2001;5:82-8.



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