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Recreational Therapy Archives
1957 JHPER: National Recreational
Therapy Section News
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E. Phillips from "52-'58)
in the January 1957 JHPER, v28, issue 1, page 52...
in Hospital Recreation
At last November's
National Conference on Professional Preparation of Recreation Personnel
in Washington, D. C., the problem of the preparation of Hospital Recreation
personnel, among others, was examined. Generally, conferees exploring
this problem felt that specialization in Hospital Recreation should
be offered at the graduate level, but recognized the feasibility of
providing orientation and introductory field experience in Hospital
Recreation at the undergraduate level for those desiring and able
to qualify for early employment as recreation leaders in hospitals.
was recognized that undergraduate specialization in Recreation, and
successful experience as a recreation leader for the handicapped in
a medical setting, are desirable for specialization in Hospital Recreation
at the graduate level. It was accentuated that because of the uniqueness
of Hospital Recreation, only those institutions having adequate personnel
and material resources should offer graduate specialization in this
professional area, and that exceptionally careful screening of applicants
for graduate matriculation in the specialty is essential.
the course content for the Hospital Recreation specialty, the following
subject areas and experiences were identified as those to be offered
in addition to the core curriculum for all graduate study in Recreation:
(1) professional specialization in hospital recreation, to include
orientation, philosophy, leadership techniques, program planning,
supervision, and management; (2) related professional education, to
include orientation to medical science (including rehabilitation),
psychological and sociological components of illness, group dynamics
and processes, and abnormal psychology and pathology; and (3) field
experience (internship in a medical setting).
A summary report
of the Conference will appear in the March issue of this Journal,
and a complete Conference Report will be distributed in the spring.
Therapist In California
For those weighing
the merits of entering the hospital recreation profession, there is
quoted below a description of the position of Recreational Therapist
in California mental hospitals, as contained in the announcement of
a recent nation-wide examination for the position disseminated by
the California State Personnel Board:
Therapist interviews patients referred for treatment, reviews their
case histories, and places them in the recreation program; stimulates
and leads patients in active participation in indoor and outdoor games
and dances, hikes, skits and plays, theater and movie parties, and
similar types of entertainment; gives special instructions in specific
types of recreational activities to individual patients; plans regular
and special programs of entertainment given by and for patients, and
enlists outside assistance in their presentation; cooperates with
other hospital personnel and coordinates the activities of the recreation
therapy program with other therapeutic programs; observes patients'
progress and keeps clinical notes and records and prepares reports;
orders and cares for necessary equipment and supplies; and does other
work as required...Positions exist in State mental hospitals located
throughout California and in the reception centers of the Department
of the Youth Authority..."
for employment as a Recreational Therapist in California, the applicant
must have education equivalent to a Bachelor's degree in Recreation
or Recreational Therapy, with appropriate supervised field experience.
The applicant with a minor in Recreation or RT must have majored in
a closely allied field and have had one year of full-time paid experience
in Recreation. Qualifying, also, is completion of a two-year graduate
curriculum with specialization in Social Group Work.
duties and qualification standards for the Recreational Therapist
are peculiar to the particular employing agency, California's positions
and standards are believed representative of those adopted by other
∑ The November
17, 1956, Journal of the American Medical Association is devoted almost
entirely to sports, containing ten original articles and two editorials
on the Olympic Games International Federation for Sports Medicine,
and medical history of gymnastics, physical fitness and athletic performance,
sports injuries, longevity and morbidity of athletes, and the physician
as sportsman. This is one of the best references for hospital adapted
sports, and recreation personnel which has appeared in the literature
for some time.
∑ Those contemplating
establishing recreation programs in hospitals will profit by reference
to two articles by Mrs. Beatrice H. Hill, NRA consultant on hospital
recreation, appearing in the September and October 1956 issues of
Hospital Management, respectively: "Recreation: Can You Afford
to Get Along Without It?" and "Setting Up the Recreation
published in the February 1957 JHPER, v28, issue 2, page 52.
of Recreation in the Hospital
1956 issue of Intercom quotes Paul Haun, M.D., director, Professional
Education, Eastern Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute, Philadelphia,
on the topic, "Meeting the Needs of Patients." The following
are excerpts from Dr. Haun's cogent remarks:
patient entering the mental hospital does not check his collection
of needs in the admitting office...He keeps them with him...
of the hospital staff are, or should be, meeting some of the patient's
needs or...making it possible for others to do so.
is a need, a basic human need, which we have not as yet mentioned.
It is present in every patient, in every human being, sick or well.
It is not met by the medical profession or by any of the supportive
hospital disciplines other than your own...that basic essential human
need is to have fun.
quite aware that other and more high sounding words are often used
to define recreation and to describe its goals, as if somehow it needed
to be prettied up and excused--words like self-realization, creativity,
resocialization, instinctual release, recanalization of Id impulses,
sublimation, group identification, and all the rest. This kind of
dollar a-word jargon saddens and discourages me...
is a splendid goal, but without fun it is certainly not recreation.
Creativity is a quality we all respect and emulate. Only when its
purpose is fun and not profit can we call it recreation. Resocialization
of an appropriate kind, under particular circumstances and for specific
purposes is, or course, admirable; but it is neither the purpose nor
the necessary result of recreational activity. And so for all the
rest of the halting synonyms, definitions, by-products and dynamic
interpretations. Valuable as they may be, accurate as they may seem,
they miss and badly miss the essential quality of recreation when
fun ceases to be the motivation, the driving aim and the end result."
Dr. Haun admonishes,
"By remembering that recreation itself is a distinct and significant
professional discipline, not imitation occupational therapy, or counterfeit
psychology, or pseudo psychotherapy, you can help it to its proper
place in the sun."
A North American
Newspaper Alliance news release datelined Nov. 23, 1956, reported
that the Tulane University's Medical School, "recently established
a major course of study in musical therapy. Young doctors will learn
that along with drugs and surgery, music is a valuable weapon in combating
both physical and mental anguish." The University is quoted as
initiating the training "in response to the growing need for
persons trained in music therapy for work in hospitals, or with the
physically or emotionally maladjusted."
Does this event
portend an eventual interest on the part of Schools of Medicine in
"establishing major courses of study in recreational therapy"?
Marnocha, chief, Special Service, at the approximately 1,600-bed Veterans
Administration Hospital in Marion, Ind., is eager to exchange experiences
with others facing acute problems associated with the conduct of recreation
for mental patients at hospitals where there has been a noticeable
increase in use of tranquilizing drugs.
reports that at his hospital the demands for additional opportunities
for active participation by patients receiving chemotherapy are almost
of staggering proportion. Since administration of the drugs causes
patients to be more amenable to treatment and responsive to their
environment, physicians increasingly request more regularly scheduled
and supervised activity periods, and more attention to individual
treatment goals. These demands concern patients on chronic-infirm,
as well as acute-intensive treatment wards. The demand is now for
developing, improving, and stabilizing activity programs for such
patients; for keeping pace with dramatic changes in psychiatric treatment.
In such situations, it seems necessary to appraise recreation service
"on the run," so as not to lose too much ground. This is
not good, but what else can be done?
similar problems are invited to share their experiences through this
column, or to correspond directly with Mr. Marnocha.
an invitation was extended to all to recommend personnel who should
be considered for leadership roles or who should be invited to attend,
and to suggest program topics for next fall's National Conference
on Recreation for the Ill and Handicapped to be held in Washington,
D. C. Several fine suggestions have been received; it is not yet too
late to submit others. Recommendations may be made through this column
or directly to Jackson M. Anderson, consultant in recreation and outdoor
education, AAHPER, 1201-16th St., N.W., Washington 6, D. C.
published in the March 1957 JHPER, v28, issue 3, page 64...
By recent action
of the Council for the Advancement of Hospital Recreation, registration
as a Hospital Recreation Director, Leader, or Aide, is now possible
for all members in good standing of our Recreational Therapy Section,
of the Hospital Section of the ARS, and of the National Association
of Recreational Therapists. Applicants must meet certain qualification
standards, the essentials of which were published in this column in
forms for registration have been disseminated to all known members
in good standing of the above three professional groups. Members of
our RT Section should accomplish and return these forms at the earliest
possible date to Dr. Jackson M. Anderson, AAHPER, 1201 16th St., N.W.,
Washington 6, D. C., to allow for their processing at the meeting
of CAHR's Board of Registration in Chicago March 18. Dr. Anderson
has been appointed Representation for Registration for our RT Section
and in that capacity will serve as Chairman of the Board during its
first year of operation.
Conference Dates Set
have been made for the AAHPER National Conference on Recreation for
the Ill and Handicapped at the Woodner Hotel in Washington, D. C.,
Nov. 17-20, 1957. Your editor will serve as Chairman of the Steering
Committee. Since attendance will be on invitation only, those interested
in contributing to or participating in the conference are invited
to let their interests be known through this column.
Office has indicated that the following recreation leader and/or supervisor
position vacancies exist at its field stations:
∑ General recreation
positions at VA Hospitals, Dearborn, Mich., Indianapolis, Ind., Lyons,
N. J., Miles City, Mont., Omaha, Nebr., and Roseburg, Oreg.
∑ Sports positions
at VA Hospitals, Jefferson Barracks, Mo., Lyons, N. J., Northampton,
Mass., Roseburg, Oreg., and Topeka, Kans.
∑ Music positions
at VA hospitals, Chillicothe, Ohio, and Lebanon, Pa.; radio position
at VA Hospital, Lyons, N. J.
∑ Social activities
and services positions at VA Hospitals, Augusta, Ga., Chillicothe,
Ohio, and Lebanon, Pa.
in employment should write directly to the hospital or center, as
guidance manual, Physical Therapy, A Career of Science and Service,
has recently been distributed by the American Physical Therapy Association,
1790 Broadway, New York 19. This is a complete description of the
profession, including nature of the work, distribution of workers,
personal requirements and preparation for the field, working conditions,
disadvantages, entry into the field and sources of further information.
For Physical and Mental Rehabilitation, 1472 Broadway, New York 36,
has published a similar leaflet, but in less detail, describing Corrective
School Committee at Springfield College has approved a workshop on
"Recreation in Rehabilitation" to be held at the college
June 17-28, 1957. For further information, write Cecil W. Morgan,
director of courses in rehabilitation, Springfield College, Springfield
Alcoholic and Neurotic Patients
The April 1956
issue of the Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease contains an article
by A. Zanker and M. M. Glatt, entitled "The Influence of Music
on Groups of Alcoholic and Neurotic Patients in a Mental Hospital."
Among other conclusions, the authors of this report of a study conducted
at the Warlingham Park Hospital in Surrey, England, suggest that for
maximum effect, patients should be grouped on the basis of common
interests rather than upon psychiatric diagnosis; that selections
should be within the musical reach of the patients; that music recitals
should be of a relatively short duration; and that listening to artists
is superior to listening to impersonal recordings. These observations
seem to bear significance to the conduct of other recreation activities
for such mentally ill patients.
Association of Recreational Therapists has an attractive new quarterly
entitled Recreation for the Ill and Handicapped. Replacing the association's
former publication, Inter-State News, it is available to non-members
at $1.50 per year. Requests should be addressed to Virginia L. Dobbins,
Bryce Hospital, Tuscaloosa, Ala. The first issue carries an announcement
of the national convention of the association, to be held at the LaSalle
Hotel in Chicago, March 19-21, 1957.
published in the April 1957 JHPER, v28, issue 4, page 60...
Hospital Recreation Personnel
Fred M. Chapman,
assistant professor of recreation, University of Minnesota, has been
completing a dissertation on "The Establishment of a Graduate
Curriculum in Hospital Recreation." Since his analysis of the
functions to be performed by hospital recreation personnel has significance
to those contemplating the establishment of recreation positions in
hospitals, as well as to those weighing the merits of entering the
profession, we have been granted permission to report on this aspect
of his study, an uncompleted doctoral theses in the Dept. of Recreation,
School of Health, Physical Education and Recreation, Indiana University.
the functions to be performed, a list of 40 duties was compiled from
a study of 53 different job specifications for positions requiring
a Bachelor's degree or more in recreation or related fields. These
positions were representative of those existing in approximately 325
state, military, Veterans Administration, and private hospitals. A
jury consisting of ten medical doctors and ten leaders in hospital
recreation and related areas was asked to rate the essentiality and
desirability of the 40 duties. The following represents the appraisal
of this jury:
directs, and supervises a recreation program for rehabilitation of
supervision for recreation staff (staff meetings, recruitment, recommendations,
∑ Confers with
medical staff or a physician in developing a recreational therapy
program for patients.
with other medical team members in the coordination of a program of
activities for patients.
∑ Directs and
participates in an in-service training program for recreation staff.
∑ Surveys program
and makes recommendations for improvement.
reports on progress of recreation program for staff meetings and other
recreation program to staff, volunteers, and the public.
interprets, and reports progress in the recreational therapy program.
∑ Makes, reviews,
and authorizes budget requests and expenditures within recreation
student nurses, other staff members, and interested community organizations
on recreational therapy.
∑ Orders and
maintains necessary recreation supplies and equipment.
referred patients and plans recreation program modified for patients'
limitation and needs.
∑ Attends professional
meetings away from the hospital.
∑ Directs volunteers'
activities, enlists their support and coordinates their efforts.
∑ Keeps clinical
notes, records, and reports on patients in recreation program.
attendants, assistants, and ward personnel who assist in recreation
∑ Directs special
holiday programs for patients.
∑ Assists in
training of students from educational institutions.
∑ Leads a planned
recreation program for an intensive treatment unit of patients ("total
push," selected groups, etc.).
individual patients in recreation (encourages participation, arranges
schedules, and leads activities).
special entertainment for patients (circuses, plays, etc.).
∑ Leads sports,
games, and athletic activities for patients.
∑ Leads dance
activities for patients (social and folk dancing).
∑ Leads nature
and outing activities for patients (picnics, camping, etc.).
and arranges for showing of motion pictures to patients.
∑ Assigns patients
to recreation classes and groups.
∑ Leads music
activities for patients (community singing, instrumental, etc.).
a recreation program of activities to relatives for discharged patients.
∑ Plans parties
∑ Leads drama
activities for patients (theater, puppetry, plays, etc.).
∑ Directs hospital
radio station participation program for patients.
∑ Directs preparation
of patients' newspaper, clubs, and hobby programs.
∑ Leads arts
and crafts activities for patients.
published in the May-June 1957 JHPER, v28, issue 5, page 53...
1953, two representatives each of the AAHPER Recreational Therapy
Section, the American Recreation Society Hospital Section, and the
National Association of Recreational Therapists, met at the NEA offices
in Washington, D. C., to form the Council for the Advancement of Hospital
Recreation. The Council's first stated objective was to raise standards
for personnel employed to conduct recreation for the ill and handicapped.
members of the Council and others have worked diligently to develop
personnel standards and a system of voluntary registration for those
qualified under the standards, all of which were eventually approved
unanimously by the three professional group.
as Hospital Recreation Director, Leader, or Aide became a reality
at the CAHR meeting in Chicago, March 18, when its Board of Registration
acted upon 48 of the 133 applications for registration received during
the preceding two months. Time did not allow for the processing of
the remainder of the applications which, with others received later,
were considered at the next meeting of the Board, April 26 in Washington,
are acted upon in the order received, it is important for interested
personnel to submit their applications at the earliest possible date.
Applications are made and reports of Board action on them are received
through the applicant's own professional group. The registration fee
is $10 and transcripts forwarded with applications are returned. Those
approved receive certificates and identification cards.
has been granted the Veterans Administration hospital at Palo Alto,
Calif., for affiliation with the Recreation Department of San Jose
State College, to provide opportunities for the training of students
for Hospital Recreation. The affiliation was approved following a
visit to the San Jose campus in March by B. E. Phillips, representing
the VA, and Charles K. Brightbill, University of Illinois, and Harlan
G. Metcalf, State University of New York, Cortland, serving as professional
consultants to the VA.
Since the publication
of standards governing the conduct of the VA's Student Affiliate Recreation
Trainee Program (see "Standards for the VA Recreation Trainee,"
in this Journal, Dec. 1956, p. 31), the following affiliations have
received provisional approval, pending similar visits to their campuses:
VA Hospital, Minneapolis, with the Division of Recreation Leadership,
University of Minnesota; and VA Center, Bath, N. Y., with the Recreation
Education Department, State University of New York, Cortland.
It is the VA's
purpose, through this program, to alleviate the shortage of professionally
trained hospital recreation personnel; to improve the pre service
education of such personnel; to augment station recreation staffs
with uncompensated service of a high level of accomplishment; and
to stimulate station recreation staff development and professional
study of recreation in hospitals being coordinated through the NRA
(reported in this column last October) is progressing well. Beatrice
Hill, coordinator for the study, states that there has been good response
to the questionnaire on the status of recreation, distributed in January
to approximately 6,500 hospitals; data received are now being tabulated.
A second questionnaire,
on the education and experience of individual workers, has been developed.
A third step, pertaining to the curriculum content for the preparation
of hospital recreation personnel, is in the final planning stage.
should be a material contribution to our profession. Its support should
University Work Conference
has announced two workshops in Recreation in Rehabilitation, to be
held at Teachers College June 3-14 and/or June 17-28. Morning sessions
will be conducted at the College; part of each day will be devoted
to field visits. The fee, without credit, is $60; those qualified
for and desiring credit, may register for one to four credits. For
details, write Josephine L. Rathbone, Teachers College, Columbia University,
New York 27.
published in the September 1957 JHPER, v28, issue 6, page 72...
were recently issued for the AAHPER National Conference on Recreation
for the Mentally Ill, to be held at the Woodner Hotel, Washington,
D. C., Nov. 17-20. Paul Haun, M.D., director of psychiatric education,
N. J. State Dept. of Institutions and Agencies, Trenton 25, will act
as general conference consultant. He will chair a panel discussion
at the opening general session, at which time will be introduced topics
for small group work sessions during the ensuing two days. Included
in discussion areas are philosophy and evaluation, pre- and in-service
education, professional attitudes and practices, and designing and
equipping recreation areas.
The last day
will be devoted to panel discussions designed to provide all in attendance
the opportunity to appraise and refine earlier work session reports.
of the conference appear in Coast to Coast, p. 60.
In June, the
Recreation and Camping Department of the Connecticut Society for Crippled
Children and Adults conducted a one-day conference on Recreation Club
Leadership Of, By, and For the Handicapped.
More than 100
handicapped persons and their friends discussed special club officers
and constitutions; purposeful program ideas; club problems and solutions;
and club sponsors and volunteers.
attractive reports containing many useful ideas can be purchased at
50Ę per copy from: Theodore Fabyan, director of recreation and camping
for the Society, 740 Asylum Ave., Hartford 5, Conn.
with the Council for the Advancement of Hospital Recreation indicates
that the individual meets the standards not only of his own professional
group, but those of the total hospital recreation profession. Although
it is not known when the various agencies utilizing hospital recreation
personnel will require CAHR registration to qualify for employment,
it is known that some individuals in positions of authority have already
implied that such registration will receive a high priority in weighing
the qualifications of applicants for recreation positions in hospitals.
It has been
asked what the low-salaried employee has to gain through registration.
It would appear most appropriate here to re-examine the status and
employment benefits achieved by other professions through united action.
It cannot be denied that, as of this date, the tangible benefits received
through registration with CAHR are not readily perceptible. It must
be recognized, however, that because of their numbers, those in the
lower salary brackets have it within their power to make the registration
system a success; that because of their low salaries they stand to
profit more through general wage increases; and that because they
are working directly with patients, they can lastingly contribute
to the eventual high esteem of the hospital recreation profession.
professions have obtained their high levels of prestige and monetary
return through the establishment of rigid standards of ethics and
realistic qualifications for membership, there is good reason to predict
that the CAHR's registration plan will increase in stature in proportion
to the backing it gets from members of the hospital recreation profession.
This backing should be strong, inasmuch as all participating groups
are now committed to support the plan. Eventually, those identified
with our profession, through registration, should be as proud of their
singular recognition, as are others identified as RN, OTR, etc. This
recognition, of course, must be earned.
At the two
meetings of the Board of Registration, approximately 160 applications
have been acted upon. A third meeting of the Board is scheduled for
early this month. Those still weighing the merits of registration
are urged to consider first their potential contribution to the profession.
in this contemplation alone should be well worth the effort and cost
of registration. Those interested may refer to this column in the
March and May-June 1957 issues of this Journal for more detailed information.
Robert C. Boyd, chairman-elect of the AAHPER Recreational Therapy
Section, participated in a conference at Washburn University in Topeka,
Kansas, pertaining to a research project on coordination of adjunctive
therapies in the treatment of psychiatric patients. Approximately
40 representatives of organizations and staff of the project discussed
"How does the coordination of activities affect the treatment
of the psychiatric patient?" "What does the coordination
of activities mean to each of the professional organizations?"
and "What suggestions can be made to the project?" Questions
relative to the project should be directed to William H. Key, director
of the project at Washburn University.
published in the October 1957 JHPER, v28, issue 7, page 68...
is conducting a National Conference on Recreation for the Mentally
Ill at the Hotel Woodner in Washington, D. C., November 17-20. Twenty-two
national professional societies and agencies have been invited to
cooperate in this Conference and an estimated 100 or more invited
delegates will participate.
of the Conference is to provide a national forum at which recognized
leaders of the hospital recreation and other concerned professions
may assemble, analyze, and synthesize their views on the conduct of
recreation for the mentally ill. Tentative plans call for the exploration
of the following topics and sub-topics:
Professional Attitudes and Practices
the "professional" in hospital recreation; direction and
supervision of staff; direction and supervision of volunteers; group
dynamics and processes; leadership techniques; liaison with other
hospital personnel; participation in professional societies; writing
for the professional literature; participation in, and encouraging
others to do, research.
Pre- and In-Service Education
of the employing agency and of the institution of higher learning;
qualification standards; professional preparation in hospital recreation;
levels of specialization; curriculum content; types of field experience;
problems in the continued education of those now employed; constituents
of a sound in-service training program; the place of institutes, seminars,
training courses, correspondence courses.
Facilities and Equipment
equipping the ward recreation area; recreation hall; gymnasium; swimming
pool; outdoor multi-purpose area; theater; music rooms; arts and craft
shops; offices; multiple use of facilities; adopting existing facilities.
Evaluation and Research
and objectives to evaluation; the hospital recreator's role in evaluation;
hospital resources, available evaluative methods, techniques and tools;
measuring the attainment of objectives and accomplishment of goals;
evaluating the total program; reporting to physicians on patient behavior;
reporting to management on program accomplishments; knowing what to
observe and how to report; significant research to date; best sources
for keeping informed on new studies.
Steering Committee would welcome expressions in advance as to which
of the above topics should receive priority attention, unlisted sub
topics which should be explored, avenues of approach, and available
sources in the literature. These may be mailed direct to your column
editor at the above address.
of the Professional
Paul Haun, M.D., now Director of Psychiatric Education for the State
of New Jersey, served as a consultant to VA's Department of Medicine
and Surgery Recreation staff. In this capacity he developed, among
other things, a list of attitudes which he thought the professional
in hospital recreation should possess. This list was so impressive
that he was urged to prepare the article for our Journal which appears
on page 12. This article will be used as a basic reference in the
exploration of the topic on Professional Attitudes and Practices at
the National Conference referred to above. Each of us would do well
to ask, "Do I possess the ten professional attitudes expressed
for Discharged Patients
1956, this column reported the establishment of a Recreation Counseling
Service as part of the discharge planning program for mental patients
at the Veterans Administration Hospital in Kansas City, Mo. A recent
report from John B. McHugh, M.D., manager of the hospital, indicates
that this service has proven so successful in the rehabilitation of
patients that it is continually being expanded.
When the program
was initiated, the counseling team was comprised of the Chief, Clinical
Psychology, a representative of the City Recreation Program, and the
hospital Chief, Recreation Section. This team worked with an entire
ward of mental patients. Although this approach is still used, it
has been supplemented by providing individual counseling of selected
patients needing special attention to their recreation needs.
is done by the City and Hospital recreation representatives. As an
outgrowth of these individual counseling sessions, selected patients
are now assigned to specific community recreation projects as a means
of further orienting them for return to community life. Marie H. Santee,
Chief of Recreation at the hospital, is to be commended on this progressive
step in providing a better recreation service for these hospitalized
published in the November 1957 JHPER, v28, issue 8, page 68...
Conference This Month
column contained the purpose, and topics to be explored, for our National
Conference on Recreation for the Mentally Ill, to be conducted in
Washington, D. C., Nov. 17-20. As of the first week in October, nearly
100 invited delegates, discussion leaders and reporters, special consultants,
and representatives of cooperating organizations had accepted invitations
represent selected recreation personnel in state, military, Veterans
Administration, and other hospitals, including those in Canada; recreation
facilities from institutions of higher learning; and representatives
of professional societies and of community, state, and national offices.
M.D., director of psychiatric education, New Jersey State Department
of Institutions and Agencies, will act as General Conference Consultant.
Alexander Reid Martin, M.D., chairman of the Committee on Cooperation
with Leisure Time Agencies of the American Psychiatric Association,
will be Chairman for Group A, exploring the topic "Professional
Attitudes and Practices"; Dr. Harold Meyer, chairman of the recreation
curriculum, University of North Carolina, will be Chairman for Group
B, discussing "Pre and In-Service Education"; Charles E.
Goshen, M.D., director of the APA's Architectural Study Project, will
be Chairman for Group C for the topic "Facilities and Equipment";
and Dr. Lee Gurel, executive officer of the VA's Psychiatric Evaluation
Project, will be Chairman for Group D with the topic "Evaluation
and Research." Other nationally recognized leaders in recreation,
education, and allied professions have also accepted key roles.
cooperating organizations already having appointed observers and/or
participating representatives are the following:
for Physical and Mental Rehabilitation American Library Association
American Medical Association American National Red Cross American
Nurses Association American Occupational Therapy Association American
Psychiatric Association American Psychological Association American
Recreation Society Group for the Advancement of Psychiatry National
Association of Recreational Therapists National Association of Social
Workers National Institute of Mental Health (USPHS) National Recreation
Association Veterans Administration
Physicians in Recreation
For more than
a decade, this problem has plagued those engaged in hospital recreation.
A number of approaches have been tried, with varying success. The
following practice has not generally received the attention it merits--namely,
the retention of our recognized periodicals in the reading room of
the medical library of each hospital with a recreation program.
It is here
that the physician, resident physician, or intern spends many of his
"leisure" moments on the job, browsing for relaxation as
well as for his continued education. Here, he welcomes a change from
his otherwise crowded and tense schedule. Why not capitalize on this
"psychological moment" in the interest, not only of our
profession, but more significantly, of the patients whom we help to
It is highly
recommended that hospital recreation personnel make every effort to
assure that at least the following be maintained in the current periodical
section of their respective medical libraries: Journal of Health,
Physical Education, Recreation (AAHPER), Recreation (NRA), The Bulletin
(ARS), and Recreation for the Ill and Handicapped (NART).
It is tantalizing
to approximate the impact this approach would have had in orienting
physicians in our profession, had the practice been followed uniformly
over the past ten years.
success with its first correspondence course on "Orientation
to Recreation in Hospitals," the Physical Education Department,
Division of Recreation Leadership, University of Minnesota, has announced
a new course entitled "Methods in Supervision of Recreation,"
now available to personnel of our profession. The course is reported
to be particularly geared toward the supervisor in a medical setting;
it is taught by Professor Fred M. Chapman. For further information,
write Professor F. Lloyd Hansen, director Correspondence Study Department,
at the University of Minnesota.
published in the December 1957 JHPER, v28, issue 9, page 41...
of California at Los Angeles will conduct a Recreation in Rehabilitation
Institute, April 16-18, 1958. This is the first such institute on
the West Coast; it will be concerned with recreation in hospitals,
nursing homes, and schools and institutions for the physically and
mentally handicapped. For further information, write the Recreation
Education Unit, Dept. of Physical Education, UCLA, 405 Hilgard Ave.,
Los Angeles, Calif.
has been granted Veterans Administration hospitals at Dallas and Waco,
Texas, for affiliation with the college of Health, Physical Education,
and Recreation of Texas Woman's University, to provide opportunities
for the training of students for hospital recreation. The affiliations
were approved following a visit to the campus by B. E. Phillips, representing
the VA, and Harlan G. Metcalf, State University of New York, Cortland,
and Paul Haun, M.D., director of psychiatric education, New Jersey
State Dept. of Institutions and Agencies, serving as professional
consultants to the VA. See this column in the May-June 1957 Journal
for a report on other VA affiliations, and the December 1956 Journal
for the "Standards for the VA Recreation Trainee."
Occupational Therapy Association has taken the initiative in bringing
together representatives from several disciplines involved in the
therapeutic care and treatment of the mentally ill, to explore problems
concerning their respective roles and functions. This group, the Interdisciplinary
Study Group, has recommended the formation of a permanent coordinating
council. This council would be composed of representatives of corrective
therapy, educational therapy, hospital library service, hospital recreation,
manual arts therapy, music therapy, occupational therapy, social group
work, other activity disciplines having national organizations, and
a consultant representative from the American Psychiatric Association.
Lucy Fairbank, representing the Council for the Advancement of Hospital
Recreation, is servicing as secretary.
Up Education Program
On Sept. 30-Oct.
2, the San Francisco Area Medical Office of the Veterans Administration
conducted a Hospital Recreation Workshop in conjunction with the 39th
National Recreation Congress at Long Beach, Calif. Participating in
the workshop were approximately 40 VA hospital recreation personnel,
most of whom represented hospitals in the seven states in the San
Francisco area, and an additional 30 resource persons. The theme was
"New Horizons for Hospital Recreation."
This was one
of several hospital recreation conferences which the VA has conducted,
or in which it has taken an active sponsoring role, this calendar
year. Others were as follows:
- Feb. 18-19, Wash.,
D. C.--The VA's Central Office conducted a conference on Recreation
for Non ambulant Patients, at which ten eastern VA hospitals were
represented. This contributed to the publication of a rather complete
agency Program Guide on the conference topic.
- Mar. 6-8, VA Hospital,
Tomah, Wis.--The St. Paul Area Medical Office conducted an Intra-VA
Training Workshop for the Chiefs of Recreation of the seven mental
hospitals of the St. Paul Area.
- April 16, VA Hospital,
Coatsville, Pa.--The Trenton Area Medical Office conducted a one-day
hospital recreation conference at which more than 30 VA and non-VA
agencies were represented. Conference theme was "Recreation,
A Fundamental Intrinsic Portion of Complete Therapy in a Modern
- April 28-30, Chapel
Hill, N. C.--VA's Central Office was one of the sponsors of the
University of North Carolina's Third Southern Regional Institute
on Hospital Recreation, attended by, among others, 36 VA Special
- June 3-6, Wash., D.
C.--VA's Central Office conducted a four-day training conference
on the "Characteristics of an Effective VA Hospital Recreation
Program," at which five selected hospitals were represented,
and in which non-VA professional consultants participated.
- June 17-28, Springfield,
Mass.--VA's Central Office co-sponsored a two-weeks workshop,
"Survey of Recreation in Rehabilitation," offered for
college credit by Springfield College. Eleven VA recreation personnel
from various sections of the nation completed the course.
- Oct. 23-25, VA Hospital,
Lebanon, Pa.--The Trenton Area Medical Office conducted a two-day
conference of the Chiefs of Recreation at nine selected hospitals
of the Trenton area.
- Oct. 31-Nov. 1, Boston,
Mass.--The Boston Area Medical Office conducted a two-day conference
of the approximately 25 hospital Chiefs of Recreation in the Boston
- Nov. 17-20, Wash.,
D. C.--All administrative levels of the VA actively cooperated
in the planning and conduct of AAHPER's National Conference on
Recreation for the Mentally Ill. It is encouraging to observe
that these constitute only selected educational efforts of one
agency, and that there are several such agencies and institutions
currently and frequently offering pre- and in service educational
opportunities in our professional area.